[Translate to Englisch:] Das Schloss Glücksburg

History

[Translate to Englisch:] Zufahrt und Laternen

Schloss Glücksburg holds an important place in the history of Schleswig-Holstein and Scandinavia being a royal residence for some time and also being the administrative seat of the dukedom of Glücksburg.

Between 1622 and 1779 five generations of Dukes of Glücksburg resided in the castle. The last Duke of the older Glücksburg line died in 1779. After the death of his widow, King Friedrich VI of Denmark awarded the title, along with the castle complex, to Duke Wilhelm of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, the founder of today’s younger Glücksburg line. Duke Wilhelm of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck assisted the Danish King during the Congress of Vienna in 1815.

He married Louise Caroline, whose father was the governor of the dukedoms of Landgrave Karl of Hessen. Among their 10 children was the later King Christian IX of Denmark. Also, today’s family and the current head of the house, Christoph Prince of Schleswig-Holstein, are descendants of this younger Glücksburg line.

From Frederick VII. to Christoph Prinz

After 1854 the castle served as the summer residence for King Friedrich VII, who died here on 15 November 1863. In 1864/1865 Prussian troops used the castle as quarters and as a military hospital. As a consequence of the German-Danish War of 1864, Denmark ceded the dukedom of Schleswig-Holstein to the Prussian crown. King Wilhelm gave the castle back to the family, and in 1871 Duke Karl, the then head of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, resided in the castle. Karl was the brother of Christian IX, who, in 1846, withdrew from the Danish state service because of his opposition to the policy of the "Eiderdänen" who favoured a total merger of Schleswig with Denmark.

The last German Empress, Auguste Victoria (1858-1921), a descendant of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, stayed in Glücksburg frequently. Her sister Caroline Mathilde married Duke Friedrich Ferdinand (1855-1934). Hence, the last German Empress Auguste Victoria is the great-grand-aunt of the current head of the house, Christoph Prince of Schleswig-Holstein, and Caroline Mathilde, the Empress’s sister, is his great-grandmother.